| Points: 190 | Last online: 06.02.2017
Date registered
Which is your favorite GTA?
    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Throughout nature, organismal behaviour" 06.02.2017

      Throughout nature, organismal behaviour and physiology are widely adapted in response to new-lights. To this end, spatial and temporal information contained in incident light is captured by sensory photoreceptors that comprise photosensor and effector modules1. Among the different photoreceptor classes, the blue-light-sensing light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) proteins2, 3 are remarkable for the wide array of associated effectors4,5,6 and biological processes they regulate, e.g., phototropism, chloroplast movement, stress response, and circadian rhythm4, 7,8,9. This diversity notwithstanding, all known LOV photosensors share the highly conserved Per-ARNT-Sim (PAS) fold6 and a flavin chromophore, either flavin mononucleotide (FMN) or flavin adenine dinucleotide. In the canonical, well-characterised LOV photocycle, absorption of blue light by the chromophore promotes formation of a thioether bond10 between atom C4a of the flavin isoalloxazine and atom Sγ of an adjacent, strictly conserved cysteine residue. Thioadduct formation likely involves a radical-pair intermediate11, 12 and is accompanied by protonation of the flavin N5 atom. Adduct formation is fully reversible, and scission of the thioether bond occurs thermally in a base-catalyzed process13. Although the generation of the thioadduct was originally considered essential for light-dependent signalling, we recently demonstrated that N5 protonation alone suffices12. Changes in N5 protonation trigger subsequent rearrangements of hydrogen bonds throughout the LOV photosensor, with a conserved glutamine residue in particular engaged in coupling photochemical events within the flavin chromophore to the LOV protein scaffold. Light-induced structural and dynamic perturbations propagate through the LOV domain8 and ultimately to the effector, thereby modulating its biological activity4, 7, 8. Within the paradigmatic LOV2 photosensor from Avena sativa phototropin 1, new-lights-induced transitions culminate in reversible unfolding of an ancillary α helix, denoted Jα, immediately C-terminal to the LOV core14. By contrast, the molecular details of signal propagation in most other LOV photosensors and of transmission to variable effectors underlying the extraordinarily broad range of biological responses remain largely elusive.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Theoretical modelling and calculation" 06.02.2017

      Theoretical modelling and calculation
      Two-dimensional finite element method analysis were performed to investigate the effect of bending on growth of AgCl NRs. The simulation tool was commercial software ABAQUS v6.9. The simulation structure consisted of AgCl NRs (E=20 GPa, =0.4), Ag (E=83 GPa, =0.37) 150 nm, and PI (E=2.5 GPa, =0.34) or glass (E=74 GPa, =0.3) substrates, which represented the intermediate state of NR growth. The thickness of the substrate was reduced to 500 nm. On the glass, the bottom of the structure was pinned to represent the rigid glass. The AgCl NRs were set to have period=300 nm, diameter=100 nm and height=600 nm. The reaction of Ag with Cl was assumed to cause volume expansion at the interface of NRs with Ag film. Thus, the top of Ag layer was expanded by 36% and the elastic property of the layer changed from Ag to AgCl. The mesh size of the substrates was 50 nm and the sizes of Ag and AgCl were 25 nm.

      Data availability
      The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.

      Additional information
      How to cite this article: Park, J. Y. et al. Simple and scalable growth of AgCl nanorods by plasma-assisted strain relaxation on flexible polymer substrates. Nat. Commun. 8, 15650 doi: 10.1038/ncomms15650 (2017).

      Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "That changed as Moto Hagio's generation &mdash" 05.31.2017

      'A Drunken Dream': What it Feels Like For a Girl. (And a Boy. And an Iguana.)
      Before Moto Hagio and her colleagues came along in the late 60s/early 70s, shojo manga — Japanese "comics for girls" — looked Speaker Cable very different. The plots were formulaic and soap-operatic, fueled by the sudden revelation of family secrets ("your mother isn't your mother!") and/or — but very often "and" — amnesia. Of course, both of those hoary devices are things that happen to the main character, not actions she takes. That's because many heroines tended to be victims of fate — passive, pretty, virtuous and poor. Not unrelated: At the time, most shojo manga was written, edited and published by men — men who, Hagio has noted in interviews, were fond of telling the few female writers in their stables just what it was that young girls wanted to read about. That changed as Moto Hagio's generation — which featured several female creators — came on the scene. They broke new ground, occasionally using (gasp!) boy protagonists. Hagio, in particular, brought a new sensibility to bear; her work is inspired by Americian science-fiction and European film, suffused with markedly fluid notions of gender and evinces her unflinching eagerness to explore some very dark psychological places. Publisher Fantagraphics has translated ten of Hagio's shorter works (she's known in Japan for sprawling stories, serialized over the course of several years), many for the first time, in the collection A Drunken Dream and Other Stories. It's a deeply impressive — and immersive — piece of work that's full of complex emotional truths. And deep weirdness.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Decorating their house and yard with more than 31 miles' worth of lights" 05.31.2017

      500,000 Lights: Family's Christmas Display Sets World Record
      Decorating their house and yard with more than 31 miles' worth of lights, an Australian family has reclaimed a Guinness world record in Canberra, Australia. The Christmas decorating season is in full bloom in Australia, where a family's use of more than half a million rg6 coaxial cable has set a new world record. The Richards family's yard in Forrest, a suburb of Canberra, features a canopy of lights fanning out beneath a large tree whose trunk is wrapped in glowing colors. Janean and David Richards' display uses 502,165 LED lights that, laid end to end, would stretch for more than 31 miles. The family is reclaiming a record it grabbed in 2011, with 331,038 lights. According to Guinness World Records, their installation also includes "520 Lightorama channels controlling a 50-meter (164 feet), walk through, multi-colored canopy and an 18-meter (59 feet) light-controlled tree (all animated and synchronized to music)." Even with help from their three children, volunteers and friends, it took weeks to install the rg6 coaxial cable , David Richards says. "I started in October," he tells ITN, adding that he's taken only one weekend off since he began decorating. Richards says it costs about $2,291 ($2,500 Australian) each month to power the display. A local renewable energy company is footing the bill.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "The Fruit At The Cultural Heart Of Oman" 05.27.2017

      A Love Affair With Dates, The Fruit At The Cultural Heart Of Oman
      Haitham Al-Abri takes guests along the falaj and through date hzspring palms near Misfah Old House, a small village inn in Oman. Stone steps winding down a narrow lane lead to , a small inn located in the mountainous village of Misfat Al Abryeen, Oman. To welcome his guests, Haitham Al-Abri offers sweet, sticky dates and a tiny cup of cardamom-scented coffee. At Misfah, as in all Omani homes, dates are intrinsic to the culture of this Arabian Peninsula country. They are a sign of hospitality, served both in greeting and after every meal. "Dates and coffee are served at all events — whether that be a funeral or a wedding or just a family meeting," Al-Abri says. "They are something essential." Dates are a popular food across the Middle East, but in Oman they hold a place of honor in the national culture and cuisine. Palm orchards form lush oases in an otherwise harshly dry environment; their fruit provides daily sustenance. Both the National Museum in the capital city of Muscat and the museum at the Nizwa Fort, a 17th-century citadel and popular tourist attraction, have exhibits dedicated to the majestic date palm. Locals in the Middle East have been consuming dates for some . Just 15 of the small, sweet fruits per day provide enough calories and nutrients for human survival. Dried dates can last for, well, something close to forever. (Take that, Twinkies!) Replete with fiber, potassium, copper, manganese, magnesium and several vitamins, dates were an especially important source of nutrition hzspring not only for Oman's desert Bedouin, but also for the country's famed sailors and traders, whose have been documented as far back as 120 B.C. Dates continue to be an important crop in Oman today. The country ranks among the in the world, with 8 million palm trees yielding more than 250 indigenous varieties. Nearly 80 percent of Oman's production, however, comes from 10 cultivars. Farth (also called fard) is perhaps the most common, chocolate-colored and tender, with a bit of chew to it. Khalas is the most valuable variety: It is yellow when fresh, caramel in both flavor and color when dried, and has a melt-in-the-mouth texture. Local favorite khunaizi is large and red when fresh, and is renowned for its succulence. Oman ranks among the top 10 date producers in the world, with 8 million palm trees yielding more than 250 indigenous

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis method" 05.26.2017

      The mode effective index of SiON is calculated by using commercial finite-difference time-domain software (Lumerical Solutions Inc.). A mode source with 785 nm was used in SiON/SiO2 structure. The fundamental TE00 and TM00 modes of slab waveguide were calculated, which gives the mode effective refractive index of 1.5881 and 1.5560, respectively.
      RCWA simulation

      Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis method are performed by commercial software (RSoft DiffractMOD) in order to calculate the Angle-resolved zero-order reflectance. A 3D model was established (see Figure S3). The incidence Led Bulb Light had a wavelength from 500 nm to 900 nm with 1 nm resolution. The incidence angle was varied from 0° to 60° and the zero-order reflection was monitored.
      Device fabrication

      The devices were fabricated on 150-mm silicon substrates using standard CMOS fabrication technology. A 2 μm thick SiO2 buffer layer, was grown by wet oxidation of the substrate at 1000 °C. A 400 nm thick SiON core layer was then deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD, OPT PlasmaLab System 100). The targeted material refractive index of 1.7 was achieved by adjusting the gas flow ratio of SiH4, NH3, and N2. The ‘as grown’ optical loss of the SiON slab core layer Led Bulb Light (measured by prism coupling) was approximately 2 dB/cm. The wafer was annealed for 2 hours at 600 °C, reducing the slab waveguide loss to 0.2 dB/cm. Next, a 400 nm ZEP520 e-beam resist and charge dissipation layer (e-spacer) were spin coated onto the wafer. The photonic crystal patterns were defined by direct write electron beam lithography in the ZEP resist layer. Finally, the pattern was transferred into the SiON core by RIE etching (A cyclic etch process with CHF3 /Ar (25/25 sccm) and 200 W RF power). The residual resist was stripped by an overnight soak in NMP.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "We draw a vector with a length of k x terminating" 05.26.2017

      We draw a vector with a length of k x terminating at one of the reciprocal lattice points. k x is equal to 0 for normal incidence angle and k0sin θ for an incidence angle of θ respectively, as indicated on the x-z plane cross section above Fig. 2e–h. k0 is the magnitude of the incident vector at the operating wavelength. The Ewald circle is superimposed as a green circle with a diameter matching the ‘in-plane’ mode propagation constant. This is centred at the reciprocal lattice ‘origin point’ k0. For multi-beam coupling to occur, it is necessary for the Ewald circle to intersect a number of reciprocal lattice points (in k-space). Under perfect conditions (Fig. 2c), the propagating wave-vectors are phase matched to the lattice, and so the yellow arrows in (Fig. 2e) indicates the allowed coupled mode propagation directions. The width of these arrows schematically indicates the strength of each scattered beam, in this perfect scenario the coupling strengths are equal.

      If the Ewald construction interacts with higher order Bragg peaks, this may result in the in-plane modes leaking from the core layer. This is due to the LED Tube Manufacturer line (show as a red circle in Fig. 2g) being within the Ewald circle. The radius of the red circle corresponds to the maximum possible value of the modal propagation constant for the SiON slab waveguide.

      If the incidence angle θ is slightly near-normal (as shown in Fig. 2d), then the centre of the Ewald circle will shift position, and no longer corresponds to the ‘origin reciprocal’ lattice point and results in the case shown in Fig. 2f. An inset shows a magnified view in Fig. 2f, highlighting the slight shift in the centre position and so intersects different first order Bragg peaks (reciprocal lattice points). This results in a variation in the coupled beam strengths and the number of split beams. A large offset-incidence angle will result in reduced beam splitting. In Fig. 2h we show this effect in relation to a triangular lattice. In this case only 2 lattice points intersect with the Ewald circle and it results in 2 split beams.LED Tube Manufacturer

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article " Light and photosynthetic pigments" 05.25.2017

        "not dark," Old English leoht, common Germanic (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German lioht, Old Frisian liacht, German licht "bright," from the source of Old English leoht (see light (n.)). Meaning "pale-hued" is from 1540s.

        Light and photosynthetic pigments

        Properties of light. How chlorophylls and other pigments absorb Security alarm cable.


        If you've ever stayed out too long in the sun and gotten a sunburn, you're probably well aware of the sun's immense energy. Unfortunately, the human body can't make much use of solar energy, aside from producing a little Vitamin D (a vitamin synthesized in the skin in the presence of sunlight).

        Plants, on the other hand, are experts at capturing Security alarm cable energy and using it to make sugars through a process called photosynthesis. This process begins with the absorption of light by specialized organic molecules, called pigments, that are found in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Here, we’ll consider light as a form of energy, and we'll also see how pigments – such as the chlorophylls that make plants green – absorb that energy.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article " What is light energy?" 05.25.2017

      If you've ever stayed out too long in the sun and gotten a sunburn, you're probably well aware of the sun's immense energy. Unfortunately, the human body can't make much use of solar energy, aside from producing a little Vitamin D (a vitamin synthesized in the skin in the presence of sunlight).

        Plants, on the other hand, are experts at capturing Security alarm cable energy and using it to make sugars through a process called photosynthesis. This process begins with the absorption of light by specialized organic molecules, called pigments, that are found in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Here, we’ll consider light as a form of energy, and we'll also see how pigments – such as the chlorophylls that make plants green – absorb that energy.

        What is light energy?

       Security alarm cable is a form of electromagnetic radiation, a type of energy that travels in waves. Other kinds of electromagnetic radiation that we encounter in our daily lives include radio waves, microwaves, and X-rays. Together, all the types of electromagnetic radiation make up the electromagnetic spectrum.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "the shape of IAR depends on the patterns of spatial synchrony" 05.23.2017

      Thus, the shape of IAR depends on the patterns of spatial synchrony across scales. On a log–log scale, the slope of IAR at area A is determined by, and decreases with, the correlation between two neighbouring ecosystems with an area A (see Methods). In particular, the initial slope of IAR decreases as local correlation (ρ1) increases. The asymptotic slope of IAR increases with the exponent (α) under the power-law correlation–distance function, and the pace of convergence to its universal asymptotic slope (that is, 1) increases with the decay rate (1/L) under the exponential function. Lastly, if, for any practical reason, one wants to describe IAR as a linear Led Bulb Light on a log–log scale (as is often done for SAR23), the slope will decrease with local correlation (ρ1) and increase with either the exponential decay rate (1/L) or the power-law exponent (α) (Supplementary Fig. 1).

        Application of IAR to dataset on primary productivity

        We combined field28,29 and remote sensing30 data to derive IARs of primary productivity over the period 1985–2014. On a log–log scale, IARs exhibited triphasic curves from plot to continental scales (Fig. 2a). At the smallest scales (that is, below 1 km2), the invariability of primary productivity increased steeply with area at a decelerating rate. Beyond 1 km2, in all five continents, invariability first increased slowly with area, and then increased steeply beyond 5 × 105 km2. The slope varied more than 20-fold, between 0.03 and 0.8, depending on the spatial scale considered (Table 1). The spatial synchrony of primary productivity generally decreased with distance (Fig. 2b,c). From intermediate to continental scales, Led Bulb Light spatial synchrony exhibited an exponential decay with distance, with estimates of L in the range 570–792 km for four continents and 1,732 km for Australia (Table 1). As predicted by our model, the value of L2 (that is, 3.3 × 105 ∼ 6.3 × 105 km2 for the four continents) was consistent with the scale beyond which invariability increases steeply with area (that is, around 5 × 105 km2; see Fig. 2). Finally, note that spatial synchrony in the remote sensing data was much higher than that in the field data (Fig. 2b,c). This is because spatial synchrony depends not only on distance, but also on grain size. As grain size increases, spatial synchrony increases (see Supplementary Note

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "when one LED Tube Manufacturer beam" 05.23.2017

      The result in Step III is shown in Fig. 2(c). Firstly, the second-order coherence function is measured in temporal domain. A peak is observed, which means that there is temporal correlation between the light field at points of detectors A and B. Then the second-order spatial coherence function is measured. The coincidence counting rate is measured by scanning detector A horizontally when detector B is fixed. The result is shown in Fig. 4. The FWHM is 3.75 mm and the visibility of the peak is about 25.4%. The spatial HBT effect is also observed.

        The measured spatial HBT effect in Step III. It is measured by scanning detector A horizontally when detector B is fixed. The FWHM is 3.75 mm and the visibility of the peak is about 25.4%.

        In Step I, when one LED Tube Manufacturer beam (from laser 1 or 2) with polarization set to 45° passes through RGGP and PBS2, there are two sets of identical speckle patterns. The detectors would record the same intensity fluctuations or photon number fluctuations as long as they are in symmetric positions. Therefore, the observed HBT effect can be interpreted by the classical intensity fluctuation correlation of the light field at those two detectors5, 25. On the other hand, one beam of light is split into two by PBS2 because the polarization of light is 45° with respect to horizontal polarization. There are two different but indistinguishable paths for the joint photo-detection event. The HBT effect can be interpreted as the result of the two-photon interference4, 8.

        In Step II, both classical and quantum theories can explain the experimental results, too. In classical theory, the speckles of two beams of Led Bulb Light are different so their intensity fluctuations are different. When it is measured by the standard HBT intensity interferometer, there is no peak due to the intensity fluctuations recorded by detector A and B are different. In quantum two-photon interference theory, the photons recorded by two detectors are distinguishable due to mutual-orthogonal polarizations. The photons from laser 1 with horizontal polarization can only trigger detector A and the photons from laser 2 with vertical polarization can only trigger detector B. According to two-photon interference theory, no HBT effect can be observed because there is only one two-photon probability amplitude left in the experiment.

        In Step III, classical intensity fluctuations and quantum two-photon interference theory give different predictions on whether HBT effect can be observed or not. From classical point of view, HBT effect can be observed. The horizontal-polarized (from laser 1 only) and vertical-polarized (from laser 2 only) laser beam are focused on the same spot of RGGP. It makes sure that two sets of speckle patterns are identical while their polarizations are orthogonal. After PBS2, the vertical-polarized light is reflected to detector B and the horizontal-polarized light is transmitted to detector A. Since two sets of pseudo-thermal Led Bulb Light have identical intensity fluctuations when the ground glass is rotating, HBT effect is expected according to intensity fluctuation correlation theory. On the other hand, it is predicted by two-photon interference theory that there is no HBT effect. The photons from laser 1 only go to detector A and photons from laser 2 only go to detector B as shown in Fig. 5(c,d). There is only one path left and there is no two-photon interference.


    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "expression of key effector molecules" 05.19.2017

      Importantly, expression of key effector molecules that directly induce CD8+ Tc-mediated tumour killing, such as perforin and granzyme B, was not changed by co-incubation of CD8+ Tc with aTreg (Fig. 1d). Instead, the impaired cytotoxicity was mainly associated with a decrease in granule exocytosis as measured by surface expression of CD107a (Fig. 1e). First, we suspected that the observed suppression of granule exocytosis and cytotoxic functions of CD8+ Tc could be attributed to the Treg-mediated inhibition of the TCR itself or TCR-proximal signals (Fig. 1f). However, rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of CD3ζ in OT-I CD8+ Tc on incubation with OVA-loaded EL-4 cells was not suppressed by co-incubation with aTreg (Fig. 1g). In addition, we detected similar levels of ZAP-70 phosphorylation in CD8+ Tc both in the absence and presence of aTreg (Fig. 1g). The granule-mediated target cell killing of CD8+ Tc is strictly calcium-dependent and requires store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE)20,21,22. Orai1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) were identified as the molecular constituents of the calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channel in T cells

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "When exposed to target tumour cells" 05.19.2017

      When exposed to target tumour cells, CD8+ cytotoxic T cells (CD8+ Tc) directly release cytotoxins, including perforin, granzymes and granulysin. Granzymes enter the cytoplasm of the tumour cell through a pore formed by perforin, and the serine protease function activates caspase cascades leading to tumour cell apoptosis. Therefore, the release of granule contents accounts for the most direct and final step in CD8+ Tc effector function. Although multiple mechanisms underlying Treg-mediated immune suppression have been proposed19, little is known about the role of Treg in regulation of the direct tumour killing process of CD8+ Tc. To address this, we first seup an in vitro three cell killing assay, where OVA-loaded murine lymphoma EL-4 cells were co-cultured with CD8+ Tc prepared from OT-I T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice in the presence of resting naive (rTreg) or activated effector (aTreg) Tregs. CD8+ Tc alone displayed strong cytotoxicity (Annexin-V+ or Propidium iodide+) against peptide-pulsed EL-4 (Fig. 1c). Preincubation of CD8+ Tc with aTreg for 16 h completely abolished the tumouricidal functions of CD8+ Tc, while incubation with rTreg had a lesser effect on the levels of cytotoxicity

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Light-induced degradation of phyB" 05.18.2017

      Light-induced degradation of phyB is reduced in the ppk123 mutant. Seedlings were grown either in the dark (Dk) or continuous red right (Rc) for 4 days before protein extraction and immunoblot analysis using either anti-phyB antibody, or anti-tubulin as a loading control (left panel). Right panel shows quantification of the phyB levels relative to the tubulin protein levels from three biological replicates, expressed as a percentage of the dark-seedling levels for each genotype. Error bars represent s.e. **P<0.01 (Student’s t-test). (b) A phyB null mutation suppresses the hypersensitive, short-hypocotyl phenotype of the ppk123 mutant in the light (phyB:ppk123). Average hypocotyl lengths of 4-day Dk- or Rc-grown seedlings are shown at right. Error bars represent s.e. from three biological replicates. ***P<0.001 (Student’s t-test). (c) The light-hypersensitive phenotype of the ppk123 triple mutant includes enhanced cotyledon expansion compared to WT. Error bars represent s.e. from three biological replicates. ***P<0.001 (Student’s t-test). (d) PPK1, PPK2, PPK3 and PPK4 are collectively necessary for normal PIF3 promoted phyB degradation in the light. Light-induced degradation of phyB is reduced in the ppk123, ppk134 and ppk124 triple-mutant backgrounds, and this reduced phyB degradation in the ppk124 triple-mutant can be rescued by transgenic expression of PPK1:CFP (PPK1:CFP/ppk124). Seedlings of the indicated genotypes were grown for 4 days in the dark or continuous red light (Rc) before protein extraction and western blot analysis using an anti-phyB antibody, or anti-tubulin as a loading control. (e) PPKs are collectively necessary for normal hypocotyl responsiveness to light. Seedlings of the indicated genotypes were grown as in d. Scale bars, 5 mm. (f) Light-induced degradation of phyB is reduced in the amiR-PPK1234 line. Seedling growth and western blot were done as in d. (g) The amiR-PPK1234 line is hypersensitive to red light. Seedlings were grown for 4 days in[Video]http://www.http://www.new-lights.com/[/Video] Led Bulb Light.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "We showed previously that light-induced" 05.18.2017

      We showed previously that light-induced multisite PIF3 phosphorylation promotes concurrent degradation of PIF3 and phyB through concurrent ubiquitination by LRB E3 ligases, thereby providing a negative-feedback attenuation mechanism that reduces phyB levels in the light4,17. Consistent with reduced light-induced PIF3 phosphorylation and degradation in the ppk123 triple mutant,

      Led Bulb Light
      [img]http://www.new-lights.com/[/img] phyB degradation is also strongly reduced in the mutant (Fig. 3a). Similar to the lrb123 triple mutant, the ppk123 triple mutant is hypersensitive to red light, consistent with the higher levels of phyB in both these genotypes under prolonged red light (Fig. 3b,c)17. The two other triple-mutant combinations, ppk124 and ppk134, display similar molecular and visible phenotypes to ppk123 (Fig. 3d,e). The red-light hypersensitive phenotype of the ppk123 triple mutant is strongly suppressed in the phyB mutant (Fig. 3b), consistent with the conclusion that the hypersensitive phenotype of the ppk123 triple mutant is mainly due to reduced phyB degradation in the light. Furthermore, both the reduced light-induced phyB degradation and hypersensitive phenotype of the ppk124 mutant can be complemented by transgenic expression of PPK1 (Fig. 3d,e). Similarly, the reduced light-induced PIF3 phosphorylation and degradation of the amiR-PPK1234 quadruple-knockdown mutant (Fig. 2c) is accompanied by reduced phyB degradation and a hypersensitive phenotype in red light (Fig. 3f,g).)

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "who have become homemakers" 05.15.2017

      The government, which uses debt for financing more than other developed economies, however, is still burdened with arrears that continue to stand as the highest in the industrialized world at more than twice the size of Japan's economy. It has said, however, that it remains committed to having its fiscal house in order by fiscal year 2020, when it has pledged to turn the primary balance deficit into a surplus.

      Some economists have warned however that if the government looks unable to reverse its primary deficit, it will be forced to issue new bonds, or risk being unable to finance its annual budget.

      In addition, the government is also counting on oil prices remaining relatively low throughout the fiscal year, despite ongoing turmoil in the Middle East, as Japan, a resource-poor nation with most of its nuclear plants still shuttered following the 2011 Fukushima crisis, imports most of its oil.

      The allocation also covers the government's drive to coax qualified care providers who have become homemakers, or have otherwise stopped working, back to work.

      Defense expenses have also been hiked by 1.5 percent to 5.05 trillion yen, marking the fourth successive annual increase and Japan's ODA spending will also increase by 1.8 percent to 551.9 billion yen.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "The budget was compiled with some concessions" 05.15.2017

      The budget will also allocate 31.97 trillion yen for social security expenses, which is a 1.4 percent jump from the previous budget, as the government intends to make more provisions for childcare and nursing care facilities, as society here continues to age, requiring more nursing homes and specialists to work there.

      Spending on public works projects will be increased to just under 6 trillion yen, with restoration rather than new construction projects being the focus.[pre]LED Panel Light

      The budget was compiled with some concessions being made to supporters of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), ahead of the 2016 upper house elections, sources close to the matter said Thursday, with funding for Okinawa, burdened with hosting the majority of U.S. forces in Japan, only increased moderately, while medical fees will be raised by almost half a percent, following requests to the prime minister from doctors and medical-related lobbies.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Lighting Components" 05.04.2017

      As one of the leading wholesale suppliers to the lighting industry, Inlico offers the most comprehensive range of lighting components and accessories currently available in the UK. Most of our products are stock items, providing a convenient, one-stop solution for lighting manufacturers, lighting and electrical wholesalers, bespoke lighting designers and lighting restoration specialists.

      We also offer a variety of specialist services to the lighting industry, including custom cable assemblies and cordsets made to order, bespoke brass and metal parts, metal finishing services and a label-printing service for luminaires
      We offer a full line of engineered materials for industrial applications. Our products are found in semiconductors and electronics, as well as within the lighting, medical, aerospace and defense industries.

      Our products and services include:

      Refractory metal (tungsten and molybdenum) powders with tight particle size distribution and high purity chemical compositions
      Pressed and sintered tungsten and molybdenum
      High temperature inks, emission mixes and lamp bases
      Custom formed vacuum furnace elements
      Cold forming, metal strip forming, and wire forming

      Our facilities include metal working operations to process molybdenum from ingot through rod, as well as rolling, swaging, wire drawing, and wire coating with nickel and platinum.

      Both large and small diameter wire forms are produced on CNC forming equipment and high speed four slide equipment. We machine castings to tight tolerances on CNC milling and turning equipment and we can also provide plunge EDM services.

    • biscuitline has written a new blog article "Chocolate recipes help you create sweets" 05.03.2017

      Chocolate recipes help you create sweets in a great variety of forms and kinds of taste. Chocolate truffles, for example, have the flexibility to be able to be coated in various flavors of chocolate, sprinkled with nuts or flavored using any liqueur or extract. One of my most loved recipes to have or make is the milk chocolate praline truffle. I use a praline liqueur for flavoring the chocolate and then I roll the truffle in some pecan brittle that I have crushed.

      Chocolate Truffles make grand gifts for any person at anytime. There are many mixtures of packages that chocolate gifts come in so you ought to be able to find one just right for the event or friend for which you are trying to purchase something.

      You have probably heard of the "cacao bean", or as it is sometimes called the "cocoa bean", well this is the nut from which chocolate comes. This 'bean' or nut is the nut of a particular fruit that grows on a specific tree, originally from the Amazon jungle. Chocolate, long ago, was a symbol of wealth, and luxury.

      Chocolate is made from plants, which means it contains many of the health benefits of dark vegetables. These benefits are from flavonoids. The flavonoids of this plant are generally recognized for their antioxidant properties and activities. Chocolate contains the same antioxidant chemicals (phenols) as wine. Many people enjoy drinking wine while eating chocolate.

      I have found that in each place or country throughout the world where it is made, it is a distinctly unique product. French and Belgian chocolates have a distinctly different taste from each other, as do Swiss or U.S. chocolates. The best one for you to use will be based on your individual choice and on the recipes you plan to make.

      Chocolate recipe lovers everywhere have been viewing the studies showing dark chocolate as having certain health benefits with excitement. These studies have inspired some dietitians to promote chocolate as contributing to a healthy diet. Chocolates should be sampled in order of increasing cocoa content or boldness of flavor, and, even though chocolate is best stored between 61 and 64 degrees, it should always be tasted at room temperature.

      Bars that are made with very little flavoring or pure chocolate bars are your best choice. So you don't need to feel guilty when you enjoy some dark chocolate, because research has shown that you might actually be providing some small service to your health.

      All chocolate lovers, when preparing recipes, need to keep in mind that chocolate scorches easily and must be treated gently. When making any chocolate recipe, always melt the chocolate slowly over low heat in a double boiler over simmering water, or in a bowl in the microwave at 50 percent power or on the defrost setting. Chocolate recipes, you gotta love 'em.

      There is so much said about what we should and should not eat. One thing that gives chocolate an air of the forbidden is the myth surrounding it, that it tastes so good it must be bad for your health. Chocolate recipes have been used for centuries to make some of the most popular sweet-tasting treats in the world. Chocolate can be healthy - if kept in moderation. Eating too much of the good stuff (as with all good stuff) can lead to obesity, which causes more health problems than all the chocolate recipes in the world could combat. Chocolate lovers however, seem willing to pay the price for their vice.



Sign up, to leave a comment

Xobor Forum Software von Xobor | Forum, Fotos, Chat und mehr mit Xobor